Published scientific research and practical experience over the last two decades confirms that Mother Nature is the best steward of your coastal property. Hardened structures have failed for years to protect our homes and businesses from storms. Living Shorelines are an environmentally superior, competitively priced, 21st century alternative. As a more effective and naturally sound solution, living shorelines can improve water quality, provide habitat, increase biodiversity, and promote recreation.

Living Shorelines are built from natural materials, integrated with the landscape, help trap sediments from tidal waters, and allow the marsh behind them to grow. They are natural barriers to wave energy and will survive even the hardest blow.

A living shoreline on your property can:

  • Reduce wave energy and erosion
  • Avoid permits for hard structures
  • Restore habitat for plants and animals
  • Increase resilience to storms
  • Trap sediment to stabilize and reclaim your waterfront
  • Improve water quality by filtering pollutants
  • Beautify your investment

Contact RS Shorelines now for a free estimate and quote. We will visit your property on your schedule to determine the most appropriate and effective protection measure we can provide. Many solutions can cost $300 a foot or less installed, a fraction of the price for bulkheads or seawalls. Plus — season after season — Living Shorelines grow stronger and stronger

Annotated Bibliography

Scientists have studied living shoreline projects to determine how effective they are, particularly compared to bulkheads, at reducing erosion, increasing bio-habitats, and improving coastal environments. The annotated bibliography below summarizes several studies that have been performed to date.

Polk, M. A., & Eulie, D. O. (2018). Effectiveness of Living Shorelines as an Erosion Control Method in North Carolina. Estuaries and Coasts, 41(8), 2212-2222. doi:10.1007/s12237-018-0439-y

This study, published in the journal Estuaries and Coasts in 2018, compared the effectiveness of living shorelines and bulkheads in respect to shoreline protection. Shoreline surveys were conducted on 17 living shoreline projects and at 12 sites along the North Carolina coast. The position of the shoreline at the current time with the living shoreline in place was compared to the position of the shoreline over time used aerial photography to determine the shoreline change rate (SCR). All sites showed a significant reduction in SCR of up to 0.51 meters per year and six (6) of the shorelines accreted (i.e., grew). This study supports the convention that living shorelines can reduce the rate of erosion and potentially restore lost shore zone habitat.

Davis, J. L., Currin, C. A., O’Brien, C., Raffenburg, C., & Davis, A. (2015). Living Shorelines: Coastal Resilience with a Blue Carbon Benefit. Plos One, 10(11). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0142595

Scientists at the NOAA National Ocean Service Center for Coastal Fisheries and Habitat Research and others assessed the value of living shorelines for their capacity for carbon Sequestration. Living shorelines maintain and grow marsh, particularly Spartina alterniflora and Spartina patens marsh. The researchers measured carbon sequestration rates in living shorelines and sandy transplanted Spartina alterniflora marshes in the Newport River Estuary of North Carolina. The marshes sampled ranged in age from 12 to 38 years and represented a continuum of soil development. Carbon sequestration rates ranged from 58 to 283 g C m-2 yr-1 and decreased with marsh age. The scientists concluded that wide-scale use of the living shoreline approach to shoreline management may come with a substantial carbon benefit.

Davenport, T. M., Seitz, R. D., Knick, K. E., & Jackson, N. (2017). Living Shorelines Support Nearshore Benthic Communities in Upper and Lower Chesapeake Bay. Estuaries and Coasts, 41(S1), 197-206. doi:10.1007/s12237-017-0361-8

Scientists at the Virginia Institute for Marine Sciences and others studied the ability of living shorelines to provide ecological services. They examined the biomass of the benthic community, or sea floor, at two sites in subestuaries of Chesapeake Bay. At one site, a bulkhead was removed and replaced with a living shoreline. At the other site, an eroding marsh was stabilized with a new living shoreline. Communities of large animals (>3mm) living in the sea floor increased at both locations. At the site where the bulkhead was removed, the community composition changed significantly following the installation of the living shoreline with more and larger bivalves (clams, oysters, etc.) at the site after installation of the living shoreline than before with the bulkhead.

Scyphers, S. B., Picou, J. S., & Powers, S. P. (2014). Participatory Conservation of Coastal Habitats: The Importance of Understanding Homeowner Decision Making to Mitigate Cascading Shoreline Degradation. Conservation Letters, 8(1), 41-49. doi:10.1111/conl.12114

This study published in 2014 in a journal of the Society for Conservation Biology, explored the values and decision making of waterfront homeowners and identified two interlinked and potentially reversible drivers of coastal degradation. The researchers determined that: (1) misperceptions regarding the environmental impacts and cost-effectiveness of different shoreline conditions was common and may lead to homeowners installing bulkheads and other “armored” structures and that (2) many homeowners reported only altering their shorelines in response to damage caused erosion due to bulkheads installed on their neighbors properties. The authors stated that these findings suggest that a single homeowner’s decision may trigger cascading degradation along a shoreline, which highlights the necessity of protecting existing large stretches of natural shoreline. They also found that most homeowners were concerned with environmental impacts and preferred the aesthetics of natural landscapes, both of which could indicate nascent support and pathways for conservation initiatives along residential shorelines.